How often have you experienced dark brown patches on your skin and misunderstood it as a sunburn and hyperpigmentation? Do you know that it can also be a skin problem named Melasma? Many people are unaware of the fact that both these skin conditions are different from each other and have a completely different procedure of treatment. To have an in-depth information, let’s understand the difference between hyperpigmentation and Melasma.
What is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is the condition wherein a certain area on the face is darker than the area of the surrounding skin. This is generally caused due to inflammation by acne, sun exposure, hormonal changes, heredity etc. Hyper pigmentation is also caused by not using the proper sunscreen. It can affect any part of the skin apart from the face.
It can be easily treated using Intense Pulse Light, a non-invasive, non-surgical procedure that renews your skin. Other procedures like Q switch NDYAG, cocktail peels and microdermabrasion are recommended. Cosmetic products rich in Vitamin C and antioxidants etc. can be used to treat the issue effectively.
Melasma is characterized by the presence of dark brown, irregular patches on the skin especially on the upper cheek, nose, forehead and upper lip etc. This condition is caused due to over activity of hormones mainly estrogen and progesterone that produces more melanin (the pigment responsible for the skin color). If a person is suffering from Melasma, s/he should avoid excessive exposure to skin as the ultraviolet rays can darken the skin color even more. Apart from these, factors like genetic disposition, darker skin type, hormone changes with aging, pregnancy, excessive intake of oral contraceptives, stress, and thyroid disease are also responsible for Melasma.
Laser treatment is highly effective to treat Melasma. The laser waves control the activity of melanocytes and treat the root cause of the problem. It is the most effective, painless method that results in a clear, smooth and polished skin.
Know the Difference
- Melasma is difficult to cure as compared to hyperpigmentation as it is deep-rooted and requires Class IV laser treatments.
- While hyperpigmentation may appear on any part of body melisma generally targets the forehead, cheek, upper lip and chin.
- Melasma has very symmetrical pigmentation on both sides of the face, unlike hyperpigmentation that is uneven.
- Hyperpigmentation is characterized by textural changes on the skin like lines, wrinkles etc. whereas Melasma leads to the discoloration of the pigment lying in the deep layers of the skin.
- Melasma is related to hormonal changes and may become chronic while the pigmentation is not related to hormonal changes.
By having a complete information about both these condition will definitely let you decide on the treatment. Apart from following the medical procedure, it is important to take precautions and save your skin from excessive exposure to the sun that might affect it adversely.